Virginia Tech®home

Red Imported Fire Ant Resource Page

Resources from the Virginia Tech Department of Entomology

 

Red Imported Fire Ant (RIFA) distribution in Virginia

RIFA is found primarily in southeastern Virginia but has been spreading westward along the southern border. RIFA has been found in the Cities of Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Virginia Beach, Williamsburg, Emporia, Franklin and Danville; and in the counties of James City, York, Brunswick, Isle of Wight, Greensville, Mecklenburg, Southampton, Lee, Halifax, Charlotte, Lunenburg, Dinwiddie, and Sussex. Additional locations will be added to this list as they are verified by the US Department of Agriculture.

https://www.ento.vt.edu/4-H_Entomology/fire_ant.html

The Fire Ant Quarantine by VDACS only includes locations on its map near transportation corridors or with large, widespread populations of Red Imported Fire Ant  The  quarantine covers 7 counties and 11 cities.

https://www.vdacs.virginia.gov/pdf/fire-ant-quar-map.pdf

Red Imported Fire Ant (RIFA) 444-284 (ENTO-342P)         

As of 2019, multiple Virginia counties and cities are now under the Federal Fire Ant Quarantine. For all practical purposes, the implementation of the quarantine means that the US Department of Agriculture will no longer be responsible for controlling fire ant colonies within the quarantine areas. Therefore, it is important for citizens within the quarantine areas to become familiar with the risks associated with fire ants, and to learn how to properly control fire ant infestations.

https://www.pubs.ext.vt.edu/444/444-284/444-284.html

Red Imported Fire Ant Logger Self-Inspection Checklist     

RIFA is found in loose, uncompacted soil in places like cutovers, edges of wooded areas, logging roads, and parking areas for trucks and equipment. Soil picked up by skidders, truck landing gear, and earth moving equipment can harbor and carry RIFA.   

https://www.pubs.ext.vt.edu/content/dam/pubs_ext_vt_edu/ENTO/ento-492/ENTO-492.pdf

Red Imported Fire Ant Farmer Self-Inspection Checklist     

RIFA is found in loose, uncompacted soil in hay fields, row crops, roadsides, and pastures. Soil picked up by combines, planters, cultivators, plows, hay bales, and earth moving equipment can harbor and carry fire ants.

https://www.pubs.ext.vt.edu/content/dam/pubs_ext_vt_edu/ENTO/ento-493/ENTO-493.pdf

Avoiding Fire Ant Stings

Imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) are an increasing concern for homeowners and farming operations as fire ants expand their range in Virginia.

https://www.pubs.ext.vt.edu/content/dam/pubs_ext_vt_edu/ENTO/ento-481/ENTO-481.pdf

Horticultural & Forest Crops 2022 Red Imported Fire Ant Management for Foresters and Loggers

Fire ants have been found in forest clearings following timber harvests and during site preparation and reforestation operations. See the section on Pests Of Forestry And Christmas Trees: Red Imported Fire Ant Management for Foresters and Loggers on page 8-22 in the Pest Management Guide for Horticultural & Forest Crops 2022.

https://www.pubs.ext.vt.edu/content/dam/pubs_ext_vt_edu/456/456-017/ENTO-463-H.pdf

 

Resources from the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS)

 

Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services fire ant web page

Information on biology, reporting infestations, and quarantine information

https://www.vdacs.virginia.gov/plant-industry-services-fire-ant-suppressioneand-eradication.shtml

Red Imported Fire Ant quarantine map

The Red Imported Fire Ant (RIFA) quarantine covers 7 counties and 11 cities

https://www.vdacs.virginia.gov/pdf/fire-ant-quar-map.pdf

 

Resources from the U.S. Department of Agriculture

 

Quarantine and federal regulations on Red Imported Fire Ant.

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/plant-pest-and-disease-programs/pests-and-diseases/imported-fire-ants/ct_imported_fire_ants

Moving Baled Hay from Areas Under Quarantine for Imported Fire Ant

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/plant_health/fsc-baled-hay-ifa.pdf

Truckers: Don’t Let Imported Fire Ants Hitch a Ride

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/fireants/downloads/ifa-truckers-brochure.pdf

Potential Range of Imported Fire Ants in the US

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/fireants/downloads/ifa-potential-range.pdf

 

Resources from Cooperative Extension programs outside Virginia

 

University of Georgia, Managing Imported Fire Ants in Urban Areas

https://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=B1191&title=Managing%20Imported%20Fire%20Ants%20in%20Urban%20Areas#Biology

University of Florida, Featured Creatures: Red Imported Fire Ant

https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/ants/red_imported_fire_ant.htm

Texas A&M, How Can I Tell if I Have Fire Ants?

https://fireant.tamu.edu/manage/how-can-i-tell-if-i-have-fire-ants/

Clemson University, Managing Fire Ants in the Vegetable Garden

https://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/controlling-fire-ants-in-the-vegetable-garden/

Clemson University,  Fire Ant Management in the Home Lawn

https://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/fire-ant-management-in-the-home-lawn/

Clemson University, Hints and Tips for an Effective Fire Ant Management Program in Home Landscapes Using Broadcast Baits

https://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/hints-and-tips-for-an-effective-fire-ant-management-program-in-home-landscapes-using-broadcast-baits/

University of Tennessee, Calibrating a Fire Ant Bait Spreader

https://fireants.tennessee.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/208/2020/11/Publications-CalibratingABaitSpreader-PB1817.pdf

University of Tennessee, Managing Fire Ants in Urban Areas

https://fireants.tennessee.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/208/2020/11/Publications-ManagingInUrbanAreas-PB1739.pdf

University of Tennessee, 2020 Fire Ant Management in Pastures and Rangeland

https://fireants.tennessee.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/208/2020/11/Publications-managingImportedFireAntsInPastures-W648.pdf

University of Tennessee, The Two-Step Method: Managing Fire Ants Around Homes and in Neighborhoods

https://fireants.tennessee.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/208/2020/11/Publications-The-Two-Step-Method_SP419.pdf

University of Tennessee, Imported Fire Ant Control in Production Nurseries With Baits

https://fireants.tennessee.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/208/2020/11/Publications-General-Bait-Usage-for-Nurseries.pdf